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Glycaemic Index & Diet for Diabetics
Glycaemic Index(G.I.) is a figure of foods or drinks from which we know whether the food or drinks after its ingestion liberates glucose quickly or moderately or slowly in our bodies.
Let us clarify, we know, G.I. of sugar : 68, potato : 87, date juice : 85, coconut gur: 35; from figures of GI, we understand that potato has the highest G.I. and the coconut gur, the lowest in the given list. So, after we eat potato, sugar level would rise very fast in our bodies, on the another hand, same amount of coconut gur would rise sugar level very little in our systems.
Implications of G.I. of various foods and drinks would naturally give us a choice of edibles in the diets of diabetics. Here diabetic means Type II Diabetic. Foods and drinks having low GI is the first choice in these cases; however, edibles of low GI do not mean these are always safe, such as, chocolate has a low GI value because of it high fat content; fat retards assimilation of carbohydrate. Similarly, fried potato chip has lower GI because of its associated fat but the high salt content and fat content do not make it a good choice for diabetics. Associated protein in edibles also lower their G.I. Simple protein is good for diabetics. Thus, skimmed milk is a good item in the diet for a diabetic. Wholegrains and high-fiber foods (fruits and vegetables) also lower the absorption of carbohydrate; they also contain enough minerals & vitamins and a good amount of anti-oxidants, as such, they can safely be included in the diet for diabetics.